What is Endometrial Ablation?

Endometrial Ablation is the removal of a thin layer of tissue, the endometrium, from the uterus. This procedure is typically used as a treatment for excessive menstrual blood loss, unusually heavy periods, bleeding that last longer than eight days, or anemia from excessive blood loss.

There are few different ways the procedure can be done. Some of these options include:

  • Hydrothermal: A heated fluid is pumped into the uterus to destroy the lining.
  • Cryoablation: A probe with a very cold temperature is used to freeze the lining.
  • Electrocautery: A wire loop or rollerball is put on the uterus lining while an electric current runs through it in order to destroy it.
  • Radiofrequency Ablation: An electric mesh is put into the uterus and expanded. An electric current is then put through the uterus, destroying the lining.
  • Microwave Ablation: Microwave energy is sent through a small prove that destroys the lining.
  • Balloon Therapy: A catheter with a balloon at the end is put into the uterus. The balloon is then filled with heated fluid that will destroy the lining.

After the procedure, you may experience these symptoms:

  • Frequent Urination
  • Cramps
  • Vaginal Discharge

Before suggesting Endometrial Ablation, your doctor may suggest an intrauterine device or other prescription medicine. Endometrial Ablation isn’t recommended for postmenopausal women, women who have an active pelvic infection, certain abnormalities of the uterus, or are at an increased risk of uterine cancer. As always, The Sholes Center for Women’s Health, recommends speaking to your designated health care provider to get all the facts and to help you decide if a procedure is right for you.